Backmark: “D.K. Jewell Artist, Augusta, Me.”
Date: c. 1862-64
Subject: Portrait of a Young Woman
Location: Augusta, Maine
Dress: Fabric is striped and barred (dark vertical stripe, thin light “bars”, or widowpane) may be wool, cotton, silk, or a mix.
The piping at the neckline is visible. Most, if not all, round (jewel) necklines were piped in this period.
She wears a short standing white collar and a brooch at center front/neck. Decorative buttons down center front are just barely visible.
Hair: The three-quarter pose allows us to see a wonderful hairstyle. Center parted and oiled (note the comb lines just below her part); the front hair is combed away from the face over a wide “rat,” making the width extend from just above her temples t o the nape of her neck.
The front hair continues in a thick roll (no doubt augmented by a rat or false hair) across her neck, with the ends integrated into the back coil or tucked beneath is.
Her back hair is combed into a low-lying coil. Note the prominent levels(coils sticking out, with the last coil being the farthest out); this is typical of back coils from the 1840s through the middle of the 1860s. The back hair was typically held in place with a comb, usually ornamental as well as functional. Unfortunately, her comb is not visible. She may also be using hairpins to help hold everything in place.